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Human Anatomy
First semester
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Learning outcomes of the course unit

Knowledge and understanding
The course aims to provide students with the fundamental knowledge of the organization of tissues and organs of the human body.

Applying knowledge and understanding
The fundamental knowledge of the human anatomy are applied to pharmaceutical sciences.

Making judgements
Students must be able to sustain a discussion with elements of the human anatomy.

Communication skills
The student must possess sufficient technical language in human anatomy.

Learning skills
The student must be able to read a simple scientific text with anatomical content.

To achieve these objectives the student has acquired the basic knowledge of biology and genetics, with particular reference to the structure, function, reproduction and evolution of the eukaryotic cell animal

Course contents summary

The human body: concept of organ, apparatus and system. Tissues: the epithelium of the skin, the glandular epithelia, the connective, the cartilage, the bone, the muscular and the nervous tissue. The tegument: microscopic anatomy of the skin and of the cutaneous elements. The locomotion apparatus: general characteristics and classification of bones, articulations and muscle. The cardiovascular apparatus: heart, the great and the small blood circulation. Structure of the arteries, veins and capillaries. The digestive apparatus: oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Associated glands: liver, pancreas. The peritoneum. The respiratory apparatus: nose cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs. The pleura. The urinary apparatus: kidney and urinary tract. The genital apparatus: morphology and structure of the masculine gonad (testicle) and of the female gonad (ovaio). Ovarian cycle. Decription of uterine tubes, uterus. The endocrine apparatus: general characteristics and structural organization of endocrine glands (thyroid, parathyroid, hypophysis, epiphysis, adrenal glands, thymus, Langerhans islets). The nervous system: organization of central nervous system and its components (spinal cord, encephalic trunk, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon). Main ways of general sensitivity and of motor system. General organization of peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Organs of sense: general notions of the anatomy of the ear and of the eye.

Recommended readings

Martini, Timmons, Tallitsch:" Anatomia Umana". Edises

Teaching methods

The course comprises 5 credits. During the classes, slides will be projected to fully illustrate all the topics of the Contents.
Lectures will be held on-site in compliance with safety standards.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the courss will be conducted remotely, as follows:
The course will be held through lectures to Students either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. Therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform.
Lectures will be supported by slide presentations, which will be available to students on the Elly platform.

Assessment methods and criteria

There will be an oral examination with questions related to the topics discussed during the classes. The assessment is based on a series of questions designed to assess the student's theoretical knowledge about the topics of the lectures, as well as his ability to reason. The final grade is obtained based on an average rating with the outcome of the examination of animal biology.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (